” Every good car should last as long as a good watch, ” said the far-sighted Henry Ford some time ago … and how to blame him. The engine is undoubtedly the heart of the car, the reason why every car exists and performs its tasks. According to the common opinion, the newer engines tend to have a much lower life cycle than those of the past, used to grind thousands of miles without showing the slightest sign of slowing down.
The most recent studies on the subject, otherwise, reveal a great solidity and longevity in modern engines provided they take care of them with due respect.
Porsche , Audi , Volkswagen , Fiat , Toyota , Volvo , BMW , Mercedes , Alfa Romeo and so on in the long automotive dictionary that you can find on the Das WeltAuto portal, although having very different characteristics and features, are united by the fact of having a engine that moves them, an engineering masterpiece designed to give emotions to those who get behind the wheel.
In this brief guide we see then what are the precautions to take care of the best of your engine:
Choosing an oil that has the right characteristics for your car is essential. It must guarantee a good fluidity, generate the least resistance to reach every corner of the tank and take care of starting and compression of the engine adequately. Each car manual recommends the type of lubricant best suited to the car in question, the parameters required and the recommended time interval for changing. In choosing the optimal oil, weather conditions also play a fundamental role. Choosing a very viscous one at too low temperatures can generate a considerable load on the starting system and not provide proper lubrication especially in the initial phase, when it is still very dense. As already mentioned, the frequency of the oil change is of primary importance because over time it gradually loses its properties and impurities appear which do not guarantee correct protection for the engine. Generally manufacturers recommend replacing once a year or every 15,000 km.
Modern engines, especially diesel engines, are extremely sensitive to fuel quality. To avoid damage to the engine, it would be good practice to use a service station that periodically checks the quality of the fuel used. Damaged or dirty tanks can release small amounts of impurities into the fuel, which then enters our tank, causing very significant problems. It should be emphasized that in modern engines even small impure particles can cause serious engine failures. Choosing a good fuel is therefore always the best choice, especially in the coldest months when its parameters largely depend on the type of enriching additives used.
Starting the engine is a fundamental aspect since in the initial phase the engine does not yet enjoy optimum lubrication. After starting the engine, it is good practice to dose the power, adjusting the power of the engine wisely and avoiding stresses that are too intense until it has reached the right temperature. Among other things we will dispel a myth: heating the engine before leaving is not a waste of time and money, but necessary to prevent breakages and sometimes sudden breakdowns.
The motor can have negative repercussions not only if it is stressed excessively before having reached the correct operating temperature but also in the event that it is switched off too quickly without waiting for the turbine to cool down correctly. This applies to both diesel and gasoline-powered turbines. The solution is really simple and largely guided by common sense. Try to travel the last few kilometers of the journey as quietly as possible without running the engine at high rpm. This will allow the cooling system to do its job, reducing the temperature of the most sensitive components and avoiding breakage.
Engines generally do not like travelling over short distances. Diesel engines, in particular, have problems in reaching the correct operating temperature required for optimum combustion of the mixture. Shorter paths are often associated with the accumulation of carbon deposits and the particulate filter (DPF) can cause soot to be blocked. To take care of the engine, it is therefore better to avoid very short routes. Rather, you prefer other means of locomotion, such as bicycles or public transport.
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